About us

Areas of Practice


Air quality standards in the environmental law in Israel are determined through "strabismus" to what is happening in Europe (applicable documents according to IPPC Directive, the provisions of the German -T.A.Luft) and United States (US Clean Air Act). Early familiarity with foreign standards and current trends in this area are the benefits we offer you.  In 2008 passed the Clean Air Act, which came into effect starting in 2011. This law is one of the most complex and complicated laws enacted to date in Israel, and pursuant thereto emerged a wide range of regulations and directives, which must be acknowledged and recognized in order to comply with the legal requirements and cope with the de… Read More


Millions of cubic meters (MCM) of wastewater are being produced each year within the State of Israel. Part of the wastewater come from manufacturing, trade and services, a second part from urban household wastewater, and yet another part is farming sewage. Industrial waste itself may be divided into three types - industrial effluents, brines, and sanitary waste. While not constituting the largest amount of effluents of all wastewater in Israel, industrial effluents present a greater than average risk because they contain contaminants with a broader and more meaningful range of impact. It is no coincidence that most environmental law provisions which relate to wastewater treatment and the pre… Read More


The problem of land pollution is one of the most difficult problems to tackle in the environmental area - in terms of the ability to identify the infection, define the applicable treatment technologies, in terms of the high costs of treatment and in terms of the division of legal responsibilities on soil contamination. For example, it is often difficult to determine who is responsible for pollution of a land parcel, which changed hands several times, after a period of several decades. The answer to this question will determine who pays for the removal of pollution and restoration of land.  The judgment of the Haifa District Court concerning the plan for the establishment of a "children's pa… Read More


Whether you manufacture, import, pack, deal in, issue, transfer / prepare, store, or just hold hazardous substances - according to the Hazardous Substances Act, it is prohibited to handle hazardous materials without a Permit to hold toxins. But the law is not simple and it is not always easy to understand just which are the toxins for which a Permit must be obtained, and moreover - what are the concentration limitations and the quantities below which no toxic permit is required. Then, as if this is not enough - the judgments on the subject make the issue more complicated, and establish rules and other judicial practices that define the way of interpretation of the cases in which a permit is … Read More


Reduction in space for burying waste, greenhouse gas emissions and leakage of contaminants from soil and water from land filling led lawmakers in many countries, including Israel, to enact laws requiring complex packaging bearing special assessments. These rules require reducing the amount of packaging and the amount of hazardous materials found in them. Further the packaging laws apply the principles of extended warranties which require manufacturers and importers to collect and recycle packaging, either directly or through companies with whom they contact. In order to implement the Packaging Act, local authorities and businesses are required to separate packaging material from other waste … Read More


Transportation of hazardous substances is an essential stage for the industrial production and for the commercial use of chemicals. Transportation of hazardous materials may be made by the manufacturing company itself, and alternatively by a transportation company specialized in the field. Either way, we will advise you how to overcome the thicket of permits and licenses required to transport hazardous material and waste, how can you be duly prepared for the responsibilities connected with the transportation of hazardous materials. According to the legislation dealing with the issue, responsibility lies not only with the transporter - it lies also with those who sent on its way ( the dispatc… Read More


A waste disposal site is no longer a collection of caches and scattered piles debris on the ground. New technologies for sealing, drainage, energy production monitoring and other requirements and compliance of the various authorities, along with an intricate system of permits and licenses are only "part of the game" in the current environmental judicial atmosphere.  Waste sites are sites under " Surveillance" from a legal standpoint - regularly under legal exposure. By its very existence, a waste disposal site is undesirable and often local residents, who may suffer from the nuisance of odor, smoke and air pollution from transport, will take action against the site operators. Measures may b… Read More


Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP) and desalination institutes operate like any other industrial plant. The water - sea water or brackish water for desalination plants, and sewage for WWTP, are the raw materials. The water purification process, in both cases, is an industrial process for all intents and purposes. It uses machinery and elaborate production methods, new technologies, and as such require educated and skilled people. Byproducts emerge from the processes - water concentrates and used membranes in case of desalination plants, sludge in case of sewage treatment plants. At the end of the process - the product obtained is water, of varying quality and for various uses: ranging from d… Read More


According to the Water Act, water pollution is a change in the properties of the water in terms of physical, chemical, organoleptic, biological, bacteriological, radioactive or other, or a change in which water becomes dangerous to public health, or may adversely affect animal or plant life or is less suitable for the purpose to which it was used or intended to be used. This definition is an expansion of the environmental law framework, and does not rely on intention but on the legal basis of the result, which makes things very difficult when coming to defend in court alleging the source of water pollution. It is quite likely, that at least one aspect of your activity causes you to commit a… Read More


The State of Israel is located along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. further on, its borders run along coasts bordering the Red Sea in Eilat and the Dead Sea. Protection of the sea from environmental hazards is regulated by a series of international treaties, including the Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea, marine pollution treaties and the discharge of oil waste into the sea. The provisions of these Conventions are being altered from time to time med by the addition of new protocols, and these, in turn, find their way into the internal Israeli legislation. Since the State of Israel signed and ratified the Barcelona Convention and its protocols, the… Read More


In Israel there is always a shortage of water in general, and particularly of drinking water. Naturally, the southern part of the country is an arid zone and has to receive drinking water from other areas. In the north and the coastal strip, there is a trend of deterioration in water quality which requires the authorities to postpone new drilling and use of surface water resources for drinking.  According to the Public Health Act, the Health Ministry is the body responsible for the authorization and supervision of water resources intended to be supplied as drinking water. In this context, the Ministry of Health bears responsibility to allow use of surface water sources, to establish protect… Read More


For a long time, there is recognition that it is not enough to have environmental technological improvements that will make greener and decomposing materials - there is a need to actually reduce the quantities sent to landfills to save land resources and natural resources - both resources that are usually in short supply. As the concept of life - recycle is the solution to restore resources to production in place of new resources used.  Recycling is here with us, and it is here to stay. Plastics, tires, organic matter, sludge, metal, paper, trimmings, electronic devices and batteries - this is only part of the list of materials currently recycled in Israel and around the world. We are ve… Read More


Business license is the heart and the soul of the business. The business license and the adjacent terms are the main tools through which the local authority, the Ministry of Environment and other authorities regulate the environmental implications of activities. The Licensing Authority and the Ministry of Environmental Protection have the power to add special conditions to the business license. These special conditions are actually at the heart of the license, and violation of any of them may constitute a violation of the Business Licensing Law.  The issue of business license is a most complex issue requiring considerable expertise: the first phase is the application for the business licens… Read More


Unlike the old days when people were exposed to natural sources of radiation only, today's life in modern society cannot avoid exposure to radiation in general and specifically electric and electromagnetic radiation. Refrigerators, fluorescent lamps, devices controlled by remote control, instrumentation metal detector at the entrance to shopping malls and public places, cell phones, computers, floor heating systems and electrical installations - are only a small part of many sources of electric and electromagnetic radiation we are exposed to every day, practically in any given moment.  There is great sensitivity among the public with regard to exposure to radiation and its risks. Perhaps it… Read More


Worldwide, production of electricity undergoes fundamental structural changes. Power plants are transformed into independent profit centers and compete with each other for power supply. In this competition, to clean production technologies (Cleantech and Greentech) are used as marketing arguments, and so are new fuels, cogeneration, renewable energy, alternative, and the principle of "trading in pollutants".  Already today, in Europe, the United States in many other countries of quotas were established requiring a combination of alternative fuels and not only those from reserves of crude oil. A wide range of legal provisions, here in Israel and around the world, set binding energy efficienc… Read More


Most of the Israeli public was first exposed to to Genetic Engineering when the reports about "duplication" of the sheep "Dolly" were published. Short-term public discussion arose which focused primarily on ethical questions arising from the use of genetic engineering. The Israeli legislator did not remain indifferent and rushed to enact a law prohibiting the "replication" of people and experiments involving human genetic intervention.  The biotechnology revolution is underway. Food, agricultural seeds and crops are undergoing a process of genetic engineering to give them the desired properties. However, the biotechnology industry can have environmental impacts during the manufacturing proc… Read More


Nanotechnology is a relatively young scientific field, which deals with particles on the scale of a single molecule. Small dimensions reflect different aspects of natural law than those reflected in the characteristics of large bodies. For example, nanoscale materials can be stronger, lighter, tougher, capable of storing energy. The difference between the surface area the body size combined with the tiny size of the particles cause change in such factors as strength properties of the chemical bond - and cause different properties compared to these materials in regular composition.  As often in the field of environmental protection, in an effort to benefit the both the environment and the in… Read More


In terms of the environment, agriculture has a double role: on one hand, agriculture is the basis for the existence of humanity. Without food - sufficient in quantity and quality - there will be no humanity. In terms of planning - Agriculture is currently causing the effective preservation of open spaces. Also, crops increase the ability to absorb pollutants from the environment, thus preventing desertification processes. On the other hand - agricultural activity holds great potential for causing environmental pollution and causing hazards. Thus, pig and dairy farms effluents, and leachates of fabric houses that are not dealt by modern methods, flow uncontrollably and pollute the underground… Read More


Planning and construction have a wide impact on the Company's activities for the entire "life cycle". Town plans setting rules for what is permissible on each parcel impose restrictions on land use also for environmental reasons, imposing necessary environmental preventive measures, and often require the purification of the land in order to change its designation. "Creeping" of "sensitive" land use in the vicinity of factories in the years after their establishment serves as grounds for the authorities to impose restrictions on the activities of those factories, and issue conditional and restrictive business licenses demanding the fulfillment of planning and construction regulations, adjusti… Read More


ISO - 14000 is the known name of a "family" of standards published by the International Accounting Standards. The concern of these standards is to raise awareness on environmental impacts of decision-making processes in the organization. The standards seek to penetrate all sectors of activity and influence the organization's Life cycle in the environmental field, and change the way it looks at the world around it, assesses risks and opportunities, and makes decisions.  Standard ISO 14001 is a standard that outlines the path to a sustainable environmental management system, with the wording of a system of rules that are expressed in environmental practices. Environmental regulations that con… Read More

ודעות חקירה

An internal investigation following an environmental event always takes place urgently and under diverse pressures. Such investigation and its outcome carry complex implications to criminal proceedings that may be expected to follow, therefore it is of crucial importance to carefully edit and prepare the outcome. For example, after the occurrence of an environmental event, probably there will not be enough time to consider things such as: May the internal investigation report eventually incriminate the plant? How is internal investigation report exposed to the public and to the authorities? What are the issues, and what method of inquiry should be employed in the investigation?  In o… Read More


You just closed a good deal, acquired a company or some real estate... Are you sure you can really sleep peacefully? not sure! Often, the advisability of a transaction may turn out to be much lower than the face estimate, if you forgot to check what activities occurred on the piece of ground before you that may have caused potential contamination or pollution of the land or the groundwater. If that actually happened and you might have "fallen asleep in watch" - and neglected the examination of the environmental performance of that company, you may be in for a nasty surprise.  But examining the ground pollution history is not enough. Buying a functional and earning company is no guarantee th… Read More


Delivery of environmental information is a fundamental principle of environmental law and environmental justice. This principle is established by the Aarhus Convention and implemented in Israel and abroad. For example, while the Freedom of Information Act, which gives every citizen or resident the right to receive information from a public authority deals with any information of general type, the importance of environmental information in light of special regulations enacted under this Law requires entities that emit pollutants to the environment to report on emissions proactively.  As a result, large volumes of additional environmental information pass from factories and companies to the p… Read More


In recent years, corporations developed and adopted the approach defining the notion of environmental commitment as part of the idea of social responsibility, seen as a comprehensive strategic approach aimed on the one hand to serve as a bridge between the company and the surrounding community and on the other hand to enhance the business success of the firm. On a wider perspective, in addition to a commitment to protect the environment and reduce the negative effects of the firm on the environment, social responsibility includes other areas such as ethical conduct of business (avoiding biased, misleading advertising, the use of children as cheap labor, etc), marketing products which incorpo… Read More

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Noise is a physical phenomenon of moving air that causes undesired sound. Noise is an environmental nuisance that causes mental stress, and in high levels even causes harm to human health. Although noise is only a local phenomenon it can sometimes have an impact on a large group of people, such as residents living near airports or main roads. Today, technical progress makes the protection from noise easier: modern silent motors, and innovative ways of construction that reduces the exposure to noise from the surroundings. Also the fact that the temperature in the houses is regulated and therefore houses have to be isolated contributes to the protection from noise although it is not made for… Read More


More than 500 million European citizens create massive amounts of electronic waste, while waste storage capacity is being depleted.  Under the environmental law for treatment of electrical and electronic equipment and batteries, any manufacturer or importer of electrical and electronic equipment or batteries, is responsible for recycling the electrical and electronic equipment sold, even if it will come out of use after many years. The environmental legislation established mechanisms requiring annual reports, employing of recognized bodies for those tasks and many other duties. Breach of these obligations can lead to the imposition of significant monetary sanctions as well as the submission… Read More


Upon completion in 2006, the EU published the REACH regulations - a novel and innovative legislation dealing with regulating the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restrictions (REACH) imposed on all chemicals produced or entering the European market. This is the most extensive piece of legislation ever enacted in Europe, which cancels or alters some 40 existing directives. Unlike previous agreements, the REACH regulations explicitly refer to the system management mechanism, through the establishment of a European Agency for chemicals that tracks and manages chemicals registration, checks the documents and provides additional provisions or conditions for control - using a number of … Read More


Climate change and global warming are now a very high international and national priority issue, and constitute a major concern in the field of environmental protection and environmental law.  Recognition of greenhouse gas emissions as a direct cause of global warming and the realization that this warming is of very serious consequences for man and the environment have actually become common knowledge and within the judicial and scientific consensus. One of the major causes of greenhouse gas emissions is a wasteful use of energy. Israel passed a law aimed at conservation as well as efficient and economical use of energy sources. Multiple regulations have been installed under the law, while … Read More


Many times problems and environmental disputes take a long time, and the parties are unable to resolve them on their own. The reasons are many and can be due to the legal and scientific complexity of the subject, the multiplicity of parties and the multiplicity of overt and covert interests. Being an independent and uncommitted law office we have the tools to help you resolve the conflict faster through processes of environmental mediation or arbitration. Our vast experience and profound understanding of the field of environmental law, both in terms of the legal and scientific aspects, allow us to suggest quick and discreet creative solutions anchored in a legal attire and thus enable the pa… Read More

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Around 180 countries worldwide have signed and ratified the International Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora - CITES.  The Signatory States implement the Convention through internal legislation. Israel signed and ratified the Convention. The Convention is implemented in Israel by internal legislation that was amended in September 2017 and adapted to the current list of species as it appears in the Convention. The Convention is administered in Israel by the Nature and Parks Authority.  If you are seeking to import or export animals or plants, including raw products thereof, or finished products containing parts thereof, the legislative provisions… Read More

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Submission of an environmental claim is a complex and complicated process that requires expertise and experience. This is even truer when applying for an environmental claim as a class action. In recent years, our law firm has filed innovative class actions, even on a global scale. These actions relate, inter alia, to legal grounds of:  Litigation of climate change - air pollution by emission of greenhouse gases and causing climate change, pollution by burning hazardous substances and causing odor hazards; Pollution of water sources by industrial effluents and substances used in medicines, thereby harming sources of surface water and groundwater, which are the property of the public; Da… Read More


Among the obligations imposed on the business owner, is the preparation of a safety management plan. Careful preparation of a plan has important potential for improving the occupational safety and health of workers at the factory, but a plan also creates legal exposure of the corporation and its directors, for several reasons. First there is the concept of acceptable risk which is the basic concept of the regulation which requires the preparation of a comprehensive safety management program, this is a vague concept and it is hard to know in advance how it might be interpreted in court. Acceptable risk is defined in the Risk Regulation as reduced to a defined level to be acceptable by the bus… Read More

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If one considers the management of the safety subject in an industrial plant to be a complex matter, in comparison the management of the safety issue on the construction site is much more complex. There are many reasons for this: while in factories for the most part an orderly conduct of the personnel and a fixed location of structures, equipment and machines is customary, self-evident and by and large undisputed, the reality on construction sites is quite often different and much more unpredictable and dynamic - where today there is a fence tomorrow could be the entrance, where today there is a clean passage tomorrow could be an open pit, and where no construction work is taking place at so… Read More


The negative effects of your activities on the environment begin already on the manufacturing plant premises. Employees - your most important asset - are often the first to encounter environmental risks. According to the currently accepted regulations, Health and Environmental safety (EHS) is an integrative approach that sees the parallels and common points between the domains as launching grounds for the treatment of the gamut of issues in an integrated manner. Our activities in the environmental field, led us inevitably to engage in the field of occupational health and safety, and using our knowledge of these two fields, we can assist you to address many issues in the field of safety, amon… Read More

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According to the Safety at Work Regulations (environmental monitoring and biological control of activities or substances dangerous or inherently hazardous to Health) - 2011, the employer has the obligation to carry out periodic monitoring of all materials which are of harmful nature throughout the activity of the Company. This legal obligation to carry out environmental monitoring is often accompanied by many legal dilemmas which are mostly legitimate:                                                                                                                                                           Are the Company's employees indeed using materials which are legally definable as harmfu… Read More

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Managers ask us - what to do to meet warranty obligations imposed on officers when it comes to environmental and safety laws? The answer is by and large, among other things: write down the procedures. The problem is, that written and accustomed procedures may sometimes be a double-edged sword. Why? Mainly because familiar proceedings tend to have the effect of an "anesthetic" - you as managers are confident that after having written down the procedures everything is fine and this may become really damaging. Content of procedures Take for example the content of the procedures. The very existence of a solid procedure in the field of environment or safety is an essential condition for office… Read More

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For safety purposes, the holder - the entity  in charge of a work site, is defined by the Safety Ordinance to be any one of these: the employer, the work site owner, the person occupying a place of work, the executive director of the work site, the person who is commissioning the  work or who otherwise controls a work site or the executive director of the corporation. The holder - the entity  in charge or the owner of the construction site - bears the actual  heavy responsibility for the safety on site - and even the corporate officers who are not the direct owners of the construction site or its " holders " - ( as defined by the Safety at Work Regulations : " any director, partner and resp… Read More


If you think that the Safety Data Sheets ( or the Materials Safety Data Sheets) are dealing only in chemistry and safety - think again. True, in the sixteen sections defined in the safety regulations exist and prevail primarily the requirements to state the degree of precariousness of  hazardous materials and their unpredictable properties and to specify the methods of treatment, including protective measures and first aid, but beyond this the Safety Data Sheets are an integral part of the law of safety.                             For instance - in the Safety at Work Regulations (Safety Issues, classification, packaging, labeling and marking of packages) - 1998 there is a reference to regul… Read More


Among the obligations imposed on the business owner, is the preparation of a safety management plan. Careful preparation of a plan has important potential for improving the safety and health of workers at the factory, but a plan also creates legal exposure of the corporation and its directors, for several reasons. First there is the concept of acceptable risk which is the basic concept of the regulation which requires the preparation of a comprehensive safety management program, this is a vague concept and it is hard to know in advance how it might be interpreted in court. Acceptable risk is defined in the Risk Regulation as reduced to a defined level to be acceptable by the business owner, … Read More

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According to a report of the Occupational Safety and Health Department for 2011 -2015, during 2015 about 50 thousand employees have been injured in accidents during work, 54 of those workers being killed. The construction industry is the most dangerous from the safety point of view, and not surprisingly 34 of those killed died on construction sites. 64% of the fatalities in the construction industry occurred during the construction of residential houses. Falling from high places remains the leading cause of death in the construction industry, and 21 workers died as a result of such occurrence. During 2015, 46% of the fatal accidents which took place in the construction industry have occurre… Read More


Noise is the physical phenomenon of the air vibrations that create unwelcome sound. Harmful noise is defined as noise at higher level values than permitted in the regulations and which may cause damage to the health of workers exposed at the workplace. The business owners have a responsibility to perform environmental occupational tests of continuous as well as accidental noise levels, to carry out the mapping of noise levels, to advise the various work stations of the occupational environmental test results of the ongoing continuous as well as accidental noise levels, and to conduct an ongoing tracking log.  If noise levels higher than the maximum permissible exposure were detected, the bu… Read More

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In January 2018, financial sanctions were imposed on violations of work safety laws under the Law for the Enhancement of Enforcement of Labor Laws, 5712 - 2018. In contrast to the criminal penalties for work safety violations that were low and insignificant, the amounts of administrative financial sanctions are high - ranging from NIS 20,000 to NIS 35,000 per violation of a corporation, and between 10,000 and 17,000 per violation of individuals. If the violation continues or is repeated within two years of the first violation, further monetary sanctions are imposed. These amounts are set for each breach - and if there are a number of violations - the amounts will be cumulative. According to… Read More

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Natural gas and / or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have different uses, for domestic consumption, for commercial and industrial consumption, and for motor vehicles. These uses are accompanied by many risks of environment and safety that are the long-standing practices of our law firm. Environmental risks relate mainly to fugitive and specific emissions of natural gas (mainly composed of methane) that is lighter than the air and constitutes a significant and much more effective greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. Environmental risks relate mainly to targeted and highly targeted emissions of natural gas (mainly composed of methane) that are lighter than the air and constitute a significant … Read More


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ico-13.png Chemical Industry
ico-14.png Food & Pharma
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ico-16.png Electronic Industry
ico-17.png Water & Sewage
ico-18.png Governmental Companies
ico-19.png Defence Industries
ico-22.png Directors
ico-23.png Corporate Officers
recycle.png Recycling Industry
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Our clients include major multinational companies in a wide range of industriesod. We provide them with professional, creative advice tailored to their specific needs. We see our task not simply as advising clients as to the present state of EHS law, but allowing them to anticipate the future evolution of environmental and safety laws. We seek to understand our clients' business, the environment in which they operate and the projects they undertake to provide optimal assistance.

DUNS 100

Since 2008, when the "DUNS top 100 firms" rating in the environmental law field was initiated, our firm ranked among the leading firms in the field of environmental law.


Since 2011, when the "BDI Coface CODE" firms rating in environmental law was initiated, our firm ranked among the leading firms in the field of environmental law.